China tops U.S. for first time in this ranking of world’s ‘best’ universities

China has surpassed the United States in a major ranking of the world’s best universities.

Among the 2,000 schools from more than 90 countries according to US News & World Report, 338 Chinese universities made the list, compared to 280 American universities. This is the first time that China has surpassed the United States

The results were reported in the media’s “Top Global University Rankings” released on Tuesday. The United States and China were followed by Japan (105 universities), the United Kingdom (92), and India (81).

The media took off in 2014 as more universities began to compete for students, as well as faculty and research investments. The rankings are based on a variety of parameters, including research reputation, publications, conferences and citations. Individual student and program results are not included.

Although China surpassed the United States by 58 spots, the majority of US universities appear in the top half of the rankings, including 8 of the top 10, the report noted.

Here is the overall top 10 list:

  1. Harvard University (USA)

  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

  3. Stanford University (USA)

  4. University of California – Berkeley (USA)

  5. University of Oxford (UK)

  6. University of Washington-Settle (USA)

  7. Columbia University (USA)

  8. University of Cambridge (UK)

  9. California Institute of Technology (USA)

  10. Johns Hopkins University (USA)

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The report added four new topics to its 43 positions: artificial intelligence; education and educational research; meteorology and atmospheric sciences; and water resources. “They’re hot areas right now and there’s a lot of interest at various levels,” Robert Morse, chief data strategist at US News, told MarketWatch in an email.

Among the top 10 schools for AI, there were five schools from mainland China; Carnegie Mellon of the United States was also high.

While public health concerns and travel restrictions related to the pandemic have partly led to the dramatic drop in numbers over the past two years, rising tensions between the two countries have also pushed Chinese students to gradually look for alternatives others, in China and outside the US. options.

International student enrollment at US colleges and universities peaked in the 2015-2016 academic year and has been declining since then, the Institute of International Education said, citing visa concerns, competition from other countries with better access to work visas, and stronger social and political. relations between China and other countries.

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Here are the top 10 universities in Asia:

  1. Tsinghua University (China)

  2. National University of Singapore (Singapore)

  3. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

  4. Peking University (China)

  5. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (China)

  6. University of Hong Kong (China)

  7. King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia)

  8. University of Tokyo (Japan)

  9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

  10. Zhejiang University (China)

Artificial intelligence is among the few areas that the USA and China consider strategic national priorities. The Biden administration signed the National AI Initiative Act of 2020 into law in 2021, with the goal of advancing US leadership in the field.

“The world’s leading powers are racing to develop and deploy new technologies such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing that could shape everything about our lives – where we get our energy NG00,
+1.66%,
to how we do our jobs, to how wars are fought,” Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said last year.

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“We want America to maintain our scientific and technological edge, because it is essential for us to thrive in the 21st century economy,” Blinken said in a speech at a technology summit last year.

Among the top 10 schools for AI, there were five schools from mainland China, including Tsinghua University, which ranked No. 1. Carnegie Mellon University is the top college in the US for AI research, placing No. 12 on the list. China also leads in other scientific subjects, including nanoscience, nanotechnology, polymer science, engineering and physical chemistry.

Fewer Chinese students have attended college in the US since the coronavirus pandemic. Between January and September 2022, 52,034 Chinese nationals received F-1 visas, down from 95,518 for the same period in 2019, according to US State Department data. The F-1 visa is used by international students to obtain a degree or academic certificate in the US

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