Fear of criminal justice reform rooted in America’s racist past

Especially for the Crusader

Part III

The many things change

In 1969, President Richard Nixon, who himself would be impeached from public office for corruption, took measures to reduce the government’s role in providing safety nets.

In 1969 and 70 his Republican administration enacted a number of controversial laws, eliminating federal oversight of local police and encouraging the construction of prisons. His measures came as African Americans fought for (and won) recognition and fairness in hiring in government agencies.

In December 1969, leader Fred Hampton, leader of the Illinois Black Panther Party, will be killed by Chicago police under the supervision of the Cook County State’s Attorney.

The killings became an important reminder of the relationship between Blacks and the local police – making the victim an opponent of justice or authority. But even the international shame brought to the country in general and Chicago in particular will not stop US policies.

By the mid-1970s, LEAA morphed into a major federal agency controlled by the Department of Justice and more than $10 billion was invested in various enforcement actions. bad when he has it.

His work laid the foundation for the prison industrial complex, a labyrinth of police agencies, judges, prosecutors, public defenders, lawyers and people serving judicial and medical personnel who facilitate, administer and maintain justice.

In 1974 Congress passed the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act in an effort to make it easier for children and youth to enter juvenile facilities. This measure has resulted in thousands of young people being “mislabeled” on purpose and insulted with information that will follow them for the rest of their lives.

By this time, the government had given up completely in the War on Poverty and had shifted its focus to fighting terrorism.

Senator Daniel P. Moynihan (D-NY) has done his best to promote many of the racist and misogynistic practices that continue to harm Black people, especially those poor and living in America’s slums. The president supported the theory that some of the negative behaviors seen in some Black people are because they are genetically predisposed and have “lower IQs.” Before joining the Senate, in 1965 he wrote the racist “Negro Family: Case For National Action,” (aka the Moynihan Report) as an assistant secretary.

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President Jimmy Carter was elected in November 1976. When he took office he shifted the nation’s attention to foreign threats and attempted to end the National War on Terrorism. as he was working. He wanted to move closer to Johnson’s proposals to eradicate poverty, but his efforts also had negative effects. His administration focused on America’s housing ‘projects’ which led to the Public Housing Security Act.

This measure, according to Prof. Hinton, called for the training of residents, especially the unemployed youth, how to improve the homeless, and to develop surveillance and other methods fighting each other.

Developments, such as Robert Taylor Homes, on the city’s South Side, received more than $5 million, most of which went toward installing security cameras and other security measures. violent, although it gave the youth the opportunity to work on small maintenance and security. help.

President Carter also moved to cut federal social justice services that he believed were only contributing to the social crisis.

The President also ordered major staff cuts in the Justice Department and attempted to dismantle the LEAA, but failed. His plans to restore equality to America’s criminal justice system and address urban depression were cut short when he lost re-election to Reagan in 1980.

When LEAA was finally repealed in 1981, it was replaced by President Reagan’s War on Drugs, a campaign that came as Blacks turned their backs on access to capital and redlining from the banks. The punishment plan is said to be a response to the drug and disease epidemic that has swept the country. The nightly news is filled with real-life reports of ‘crackheads’ and gangs holding daily American hostages. The loudest outcry came from the most vulnerable, Black families in the most vulnerable communities.

It would be more than a decade later when it was alleged by reporter Gary Webb of the San Jose Mercury News that the US intelligence and military agencies had played a major role in bringing cocaine and weapons into the country; and, therefore there is little impact in the crime and addictions that plague America’s inner cities.

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Under Reagan, the Black community of all citizens received the brunt of his federal war, and that war played out on the streets of Chicago like a bad “B” movie.

Harold Washington became a hero of Black rights, but then his second choice for police chief set the stage for how Blacks and Latinos would view the police. when Leroy Martin said: “When you talk about gangs, I got the worst people in. the city: the Chicago Police Department.”

President George H. Bush was elected in part because of effective, hateful politics, which featured criminal Willie Horton in a dog whistle television ad that scared white Americans. for calls for more serious crimes.

Just like today’s “The Purge” story, created by Illinois Republicans to pass the SAFE-T law in the midterm elections, Bush’s horror shows images of black criminals running the streets on furlough, free to steal, rape and kill.

At the time of President Clinton’s election, Chicago found itself in the “grip of violent crime,” and Black men and youth ignored when said a boy An evil police officer named Jon Burge brutalized and tortured them into false confessions. Clinton’s 94th federal bill created new criminal sentences and encouraged states to build more prisons and pass sentencing laws, all of which were supported by a majority of congressional members. of the Congressional Black Caucus.

The ’94 crime bill not only upped the ante on domestic crimes and led to mass incarceration, it also established the death penalty for about 60 additional crimes, and encouraged Suit for young people from childhood – called “super predators.”

Playing off the same old playbook, 11-year-old serial killer Robert “Yummy” Sandifer, who is also a suspected killer, made the cover of Time Magazine even earlier. of the mugshot.

It is not surprising that when George W. Bush was elected in November 1999, the issue of child abuse would be at the center of his national policy. As a former Texas governor, he was credited for driving youth crime. By ushering in a personal “Responsibility Era,” a theme that has spread throughout his two terms as president, Bush has worked to crack down on crime by young offenders.

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Soon after the Bush administration was dealing with the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on US soil, and the devastation of Hurricane Katrina, more domestic surveillance and Acts designed to keep Americans safe from attacks by immigrants.

“On November 28, 2005, President Bush, speaking in Tucson, confirmed that in five years 4.5 million foreigners have been caught trying to commit crimes against the United States. Of the 4.5 million, Bush confirmed, are ‘more than 350,000 with criminal records.’ One out of every 12 illegal aliens apprehended by the US Border Patrol is a criminal,” according to US authorities.

In 2013, President Barack Obama’s administration finally ended the “War on Drugs.”

As this victory was quietly celebrated by Black America, under Attorney General Eric Holder, local police agencies were shut down. In his first term in office, President Obama increased funding for the Byrne Grant program, which provided and then added funds to local law enforcement agencies to run narcotics operations.

Obama has promised to have a fair and honest approach to solving the country’s drug and crime problem, but Congress and the White House’s Office of National Drug Control Policy have a difficult time. and problems. While calling for compassion and understanding of drug addicts, local authorities and regulatory structures continue to wage war on drug users.

Opioids, assault weapons, social and psychological changes in how people deal with conflict and trauma will only reduce economic and quality of life issues in the Black community.

It will appear that no matter how many strides to justice and justice, the system continues to litter the path of progress with legal landmines.

As criminal justice reform is central in Illinois, Governor JB Prtizker has indicated that he would be open to changes in the new law, if not at least given the right law to be clear.

“Better yet, I’m willing to consider tweaks to the law,” Pritzker said in September.

“The law is about giving the police the tools and technology, making sure we fund them, and making sure we keep the killers, the victims, and the people domestic abuse in prison.”

Notification made possible by the Inland Foundation.


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